Global Justice School 2005
Globalization and social recomposition, I:
what’s become of the working class?
Claude Jacquin, 30 May 2005
1) The working class? Some questions…
2) How are the different levels of analysis linked? What does it mean to analyze a ‘social formation’?
· Specific history of social relations; uneven development
· Analysis of socio-economic relations; specificity of ruling classes
· Proletariat / ‘lower classes’; class alliances … and many other issues!
3) 50 years…
· The ‘30 glorious years’ in the industrialized countries – May 1968 and many other things... The multinational-as-conglomerate. Concentration and the ‘mass labourer’... Trade-union movement / workers’ movement.
· The international division of labour resulting from post-colonialism; working class and liberation movements; the South African example
· The existance of a large ‘socialist’ area; the working class ‘in power’?; what was the ‘dialectic of the three sectors of the world revolution’?
4) A short capsule history of the process of ‘globalization’. Analyzing from the general (the system) ... to the particular (the shifting deployment of labour).
5) Towards a new international division of labour ?
· China, India, international reorganization of the circuits of production
· new processes of proletarianization / ‘deindustrialization’ in Western Europe
· therefore a new context for training, expansion, concentration and organization of the working class
· new shifts within social formations
6) What are the most important impacts on :
· Social formations?
· in the industrialized countries (decline of employment in industry, creation of ‘little jobs’, the new role of intellectual labour in production, etc.)
· in the Third World (on the one hand countries like India – on the other hand Black Africa )
· The development of the proletariat and its forms of organization?
· in what geopolitical framework?
· Where is the boss?
· What are the demands?
· Possible social alliances?
· The big strategic issues (the state, violence, etc.)?