1. Marx and Engels on capitalism, socialism and ecology
· Capitalism and the destruction of land fertility
· Is socialism only dealing with capitalist relations of production?
· Are the productive forces neutral?
· Hypothesis: to apply to the capitalist productive forces what Marx and Engels wrote on the bourgeois state: the state machine cannot be just appropriated by the proletariat and put to work for it. A radical transformation must take place.
2. Capitalism and the present ecological crisis
· Agro-business and the destruction of the environment
· The danger of GMOs (genetically modified organisms): a threat to human health, to bio-diversity and to the autonomy of the peasantry
3. Ecological struggles in the South
· The example of Chico Mendes in Brazil: the Alliance of the Peoples of the Amazonian Forest - peasants, rubber-collectors and indigenous communities - against the capitalist land-owners
· The socialist ecology of Chico Mendes
4. The global upsurge of peasant movements
· Via Campesina as a new form of alliance between peasant movements from the North and the South, around common struggles
· Peasant and indigenous movements in Latin America
· The example of the MST, the largest social movement in Brazil and the social vanguard of the anti-neoliberal struggle
5. The convergence of ecological and peasant movements around common issues:
· Organic agriculture against agro-capitalism
6. The role of peasant and ecological movements in the Global Justice Movement and the World Social Forum
· Via Campesina organized a debate on socialism at the WSF in 2002.
· Socialism as the alternative for peasant and ecological movements
· A new definition of socialism, taking into account the experiences of peasant and indigenous struggles and the ecological issue