Global Justice School, May-June 2005
Globalization, Cracks in Asia and Recompositions on the Left
Pierre Rousset, 15 June 2005
* Objectives of this report:
à An era of instability.
1. An illustration of the imbalances created in the dominant order by capitalist globalization.
2. An illustration of the post-cold war imbalances in the regional power relations.
3. An illustration of recompositions under way on the left.
4. Introduction to few elements that are specific to Asia.
* Warning: Asia is extremely diverse!
--- From Laos to South Korea, from Sri Lanka to China
--- A very different history than the one of Latin America.
* The limits of the reporter: they should be obvious
I / THE BACKDROP
A. Asian diversity and geopolitical unities
* Seen from within: does Asia exist?
--- The most diverse geopolitical entity in the world
--- Several regional poles. Unified neither by colonization nor by decolonization.
* Seen from the outside: a geopolitical whole forged by:
--- Rivalry among the big powers
--- The clash between revolutions and counter-revolutions
--- The Cold War
* Seen from one side and the other:
--- East and West
B. Capitalist globalization and its contradictions:
In search of a new mode of domination
* Beyond the economy
See: FI resolution on resistance to globalization
--- A universal "liberal" model of domination?
--- Implications on every level (the issue of territorial control)
--- Strength of the process and its Achilles heels:
- Overestimation of the social relationship of forces
- Insensitivity to the question of legitimacy
- Intensity of inter-imperialist contradictions
- Intensity of contradictions between factions in the dominant classes.
à From Seattle to Cancun
II / BREAKS IN THE EQUILIBRIUM IN ASIA
ß Violence of the imperialist offensive (economic recolonization of a high-growth region)
ß End of equilibriums fixed during the Cold War (India/Pakistan)
àA period of instability opens up in Asia
àCombinations of crises
* On the economic level:
- See Husson on origins of the crisis
- A present issue: "regionalism" within or against capitalist globalization
* Regimes in crisis
- Importance of Suharto's overthrow in Indonesia (1998)
à Delegitimation of the international financial institutions
- Importance of the (temporary) BJP's rise to power in India
à The secular state put into question
* Military globalization and the multiplication of areas of tension
ßBrutality and limits of the US order
ß Political dynamics of "anti-terrorism"
à From West to East:
- Wars and quagmires to Western Asia
- Nuclear proliferation and the Indo-Pakistani standoff in South Asia
- Importance of US intervention in the Philippines (Mindanao) in Southeast Asia
- A frozen situation in the Korean Peninsula in Northeast Asia
+ Rise of intercommunal tensions (crisis of socialist solidarity as a reference point)
* Self-assertion by regional powers
- Pursuit of remilitarization (including political remilitarization) by Japan
- China in East Asia
- India in South Asia
à The new world disorder seen from Asia
III / RECOMPOSITION ON THE ASIAN LEFT
* The antiwar movement and rebuilding solidarity
- The question of the link between resistance to neoliberal globalization and the struggle for peace: posed precociously in Asia
- The Okinawa Conference: rethinking international security from the peoples' point of view
- The Mindanao experience: weaving a fabric of concrete solidarity among communities
- Asian networks (ASA)… and beyond?
* The Fourth World Social Forum (WSF) in Mumbai (Bombay): 2004
See the introduction to the FI resolution on resistance to globalization
- The specificity of the Social Forum process among the various forms of resistance (see this evening)
- The first test of internationalizing the WSF, beyond the Latin America/Europe axis
- The first test of rooting the Social Forum process in the East
--- India: diversity of its movements and pluralism of its society
--- Renewing the themes (nuclear issues, caste, communalism, etc.)
* The emergence of a new (pluralist) internationalism of radical parties
- The Philippines: an extreme example
--- Hidden pluralism (before 1985)
--- The crisis of the CPP and self-assertion of a diverse radical left
--- An apprenticeship in pluralism on the one hand and the culmination of its absolute rejection by Sison's CPP: assassination as a policy
- The experience of the Asia-Pacific Solidarity Conference in Sydney
--- 1998: the pluralism of parties represented, the will to dialogue
--- 2002: the possibility of acting together? (the field of resistance to globalization)
- The meeting of "radical parties" in Mumbai and after.
- Parties from Europe, Asia and beyond: the new internationalism of radical parties? (see Penny's report).
ß Modification of the framework of action (after the Cold War)
ß Rise of a new political generation and therefore of reference points out of its own experience
- Times for a global reevaluation and the responsibility of (what remains of) my generation (see tomorrow).
- Strength in Asia (depth of experiences, social roots of the radical Left) and weaknesses (depth of failures and parallel monolithic traditions).